The causes for pelvic pain vary greatly and differ between men and women. Pelvic pain may come from the male and female reproductive systems, the colon, bladder or lower intestines.
Conditions that commonly cause pelvic pain in both males and females include:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Urinary tract infections
- Cancer in the pelvis
- Crohn’s Disease
- Kidney Pain
For females pelvic pain can be brought on by ‘cluster’ conditions affecting the reproductive system such as endometriosis. It should come as no surprise that treatments for pelvic pain vary depending on the cause a severity of the pain.
In cases where pelvic pain becomes chronic and does not respond to medication you may be referred to a pain management specialist by your urologist, OBGYN, Oncologist or Internist.
Chronic pelvic pain may be treated with medication or an appropriate minimally invasive and non-surgical procedure. For example a pain management physician may perform a hypo-gastric plexus block.
The hypo-gastric plexus is a group of nerves near the end of the spinal cord by blocking these nerves a pain specialist can prevent patients from experiencing pain sensations. This type of non-surgical procedure is an injection of anesthesia medication plus a steroid and usually takes about 30 minutes.
Pelvic pain can be debilitating and indicate a serious condition. If you are experiencing pain in your pelvis or abdomen seek medical attention urgently. If the pain becomes chronic you should request a referral to a specialist pain management provider. Specialists in pain management are uniquely trained and equipped to handle pain and understand that medication is not the only option.